Download the Story PDF.
The word “mall” in the 17th and 18th century simply meant a grassy area for people to attend social gatherings and entertainment. That is why it’s called the Washington D.C. National Mall. Its nickname, “America’s Front Yard” is appropriate because over 30 monuments, memorials and museums surround visitors, inspiring them to honor America’s past, live in the present, and strive for a greater future. You might recognize some of your favorite monuments like the Lincoln Memorial, the WWII Memorial, and Arlington Cemetery. Don’t forget about some fun hidden easter eggs like Eric’s classic rooster and goose you can find in this fun folk art puzzle!
- 1 Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial is also known as “The Stone of Hope.”
- 2 The Lincoln Memorial contains not only the famous Lincoln statue, but also the second Inaugural address and the Gettysburg Address.
- 3 Arlington Cemetery was established during the Civil War.
- 4 Marine Corps War Memorial was inspired by a photo from WWII and is dedicated to all U.S. Marines who died in defense of the US since 1775.
- 5 Look, it’s the Dowdle Van!
- 6 Arlington Memorial Bridge is symbolic in joining two memorials on the north and south sides of the Potomac River.
- 7 Georgetown Boat House sits near the Washington mall.
- 8 The Thomas Jefferson Memorial was built across the Tidal Basin directly south of the White House in 1943.
- 9 Korean War Veterans Memorial statues depict all of the military branches that took part in the Korean War.
- 10 The World War II Memorial was dedicated on April 29, 2004.
- 11 The Washington Monument is made from two different marbles, which explains the two different colors.
- 12 The Vietnam Memorial Wall is symbolic of the past and the present coming together.
- 13 The memorial “The Three Servicemen” is another Vietnam memorial representing the young men solemnly remembering their fallen comrades names etched into the Vietnam Memorial Wall.
- 14 Thanks to Theodore Roosevelt’s comment in 1901 of the “President’s Palace” looking exceedingly white, “The White House” became to official name of the building.
- 15 Cherry Blossoms will bloom here for about 14 days during the spring.
- 16 The Potomac River is an Algonquin (or Indian) name meaning “great trading place.”
- 17 The Smithsonian Institution Building is nicknamed “The Castle” from its Gothic and Romanesque style and is the main visitor center for the Smithsonian Museum.
- 18 The Library of Congress is more than two centuries old and is the largest library in the U.S.
- 19 The Botanic Garden contains seeds from all over including China and Brazil.
- 20 George Washington laid the cornerstone of the United States Capitol Building on September 18, 1793.
- 21 The E. Barrett Prettyman U.S. Courthouse opened in November 1952.
- 22 The Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History is named after the British scientist James Smithson.
- 23 Presidential Marine helicopter: the first time a president traveled in a helicopter was in 1957.